Collection:File format

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Common file formats

Type Free format[1] Replacement for
Portable documents for final presentation Portable Document Format (with neither digital handcuffs, non-free text fonts nor forms)
Editable documents for office use OpenDocument Text and related (.odt, .ott, .fodt) Microsoft Office Word (.doc, .dot, .docx, .dotx, .docm)
Editable presentation slides OpenDocument Presentation (.odp, .otp, .fodp) Microsoft Office PowerPoint (.ppt, .pps, .pptx, .pptm)
Spreadsheets OpenDocument Spreadsheet (.ods, .ots, .fods) Microsoft Office Excel (.xls, .xlt, .xlsx, .xltx, .xlsm)
Drawing/fluxogram projects for office use OpenDocument Drawing (.odg, .otg, .fodg)

Xournal/Xournal++ (.xoj, .xopp)

Microsoft OneNote (.one)

Samsung Notes (.spd)

Raster images Bitmap (.bmp)

JPEG (.jpeg, .jpg)
JPEG XL (.jxl)
Portable Network Graphics (.png)
Animated Portable Network Graphics (.apng)
Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)

Vector graphics Scalable Vector Graphics (.svg, .svgz) CorelDraw (.cdr)
Video files WebM[2] (.webm)

Ogg[2] (.ogg, .ogv)

MPEG-4 Part 14[3] (.mp4, .m4a, .m4p, .m4b, .m4r, .m4v)

QuickTime File Format (.mov, .qt)
RealMedia/RealVideo (.rm)
Windows Media Video/Advanced Systems Format[3] (.asf, .wmv)

Audio files Opus[2] (.opus)

Ogg[2] (.oga, .ogg)

MP3 (.mp3)

RealAudio/RealMedia[3] (.ra, .ram, .rm)
Windows Media Audio/Advanced Systems Format[3] (.asf, .wma)

Audio files (lossless, for preservation) Free Lossless Audio Codec (.flac) Waveform Audio File Format (.wav, .wave)
Business cards or contact information vCard (.vcf, .vcard)
Calendar/event information iCalendar (.ical, .ics, .ifb, .icalendar)
  1. This is a selection of the more common file formats that work with free software by default, most of them are internationally standardized. However, this is nothing like a comprehensive list.
  2. Only with free codecs (examples: VP9, VP8, Theora, Opus, Vorbis).
  3. Any codec.

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