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<pre>
 
                GNU Free Documentation License
 
                  Version 1.1, March 2000
 
  
Copyright (C) 2000  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
[[Category:Deprecated]]
    51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
 
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
 
 
 
 
 
0. PREAMBLE
 
 
 
The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
 
written document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone
 
the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without
 
modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially.  Secondarily,
 
this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get
 
credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for
 
modifications made by others.
 
 
 
This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
 
works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.  It
 
complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
 
license designed for free software.
 
 
 
We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
 
software, because free software needs free documentation: a free
 
program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the
 
software does.  But this License is not limited to software manuals;
 
it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or
 
whether it is published as a printed book.  We recommend this License
 
principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.
 
 
 
 
 
1. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
 
 
 
This License applies to any manual or other work that contains a
 
notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed
 
under the terms of this License.  The "Document", below, refers to any
 
such manual or work.  Any member of the public is a licensee, and is
 
addressed as "you".
 
 
 
A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
 
Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
 
modifications and/or translated into another language.
 
 
 
A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section of
 
the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
 
publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall subject
 
(or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly
 
within that overall subject.  (For example, if the Document is in part a
 
textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any
 
mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of historical
 
connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal,
 
commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding
 
them.
 
 
 
The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose titles
 
are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice
 
that says that the Document is released under this License.
 
 
 
The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are listed,
 
as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that
 
the Document is released under this License.
 
 
 
A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
 
represented in a format whose specification is available to the
 
general public, whose contents can be viewed and edited directly and
 
straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed of
 
pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some widely available
 
drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text formatters or
 
for automatic translation to a variety of formats suitable for input
 
to text formatters.  A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file
 
format whose markup has been designed to thwart or discourage
 
subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent.  A copy that is
 
not "Transparent" is called "Opaque".
 
 
 
Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
 
ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format, SGML
 
or XML using a publicly available DTD, and standard-conforming simple
 
HTML designed for human modification.  Opaque formats include
 
PostScript, PDF, proprietary formats that can be read and edited only
 
by proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for which the DTD and/or
 
processing tools are not generally available, and the
 
machine-generated HTML produced by some word processors for output
 
purposes only.
 
 
 
The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
 
plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material
 
this License requires to appear in the title page.  For works in
 
formats which do not have any title page as such, "Title Page" means
 
the text near the most prominent appearance of the work's title,
 
preceding the beginning of the body of the text.
 
 
 
 
 
2. VERBATIM COPYING
 
 
 
You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
 
commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
 
copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies
 
to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other
 
conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You may not use
 
technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further
 
copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However, you may accept
 
compensation in exchange for copies.  If you distribute a large enough
 
number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.
 
 
 
You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and
 
you may publicly display copies.
 
 
 
 
 
3. COPYING IN QUANTITY
 
 
 
If you publish printed copies of the Document numbering more than 100,
 
and the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose
 
the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover
 
Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on
 
the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify
 
you as the publisher of these copies.  The front cover must present
 
the full title with all words of the title equally prominent and
 
visible.  You may add other material on the covers in addition.
 
Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve
 
the title of the Document and satisfy these conditions, can be treated
 
as verbatim copying in other respects.
 
 
 
If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
 
legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
 
reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
 
pages.
 
 
 
If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering
 
more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent
 
copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy
 
a publicly-accessible computer-network location containing a complete
 
Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material, which the
 
general network-using public has access to download anonymously at no
 
charge using public-standard network protocols.  If you use the latter
 
option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin
 
distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this
 
Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location
 
until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque
 
copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to
 
the public.
 
 
 
It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
 
Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give
 
them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.
 
 
 
 
 
4. MODIFICATIONS
 
 
 
You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under
 
the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release
 
the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified
 
Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution
 
and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy
 
of it.  In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:
 
 
 
A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct
 
  from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions
 
  (which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section
 
  of the Document).  You may use the same title as a previous version
 
  if the original publisher of that version gives permission.
 
B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities
 
  responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified
 
  Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the
 
  Document (all of its principal authors, if it has less than five).
 
C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
 
  Modified Version, as the publisher.
 
D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
 
E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
 
  adjacent to the other copyright notices.
 
F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice
 
  giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the
 
  terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.
 
G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections
 
  and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice.
 
H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.
 
I. Preserve the section entitled "History", and its title, and add to
 
  it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and
 
  publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page.  If
 
  there is no section entitled "History" in the Document, create one
 
  stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as
 
  given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified
 
  Version as stated in the previous sentence.
 
J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for
 
  public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise
 
  the network locations given in the Document for previous versions
 
  it was based on.  These may be placed in the "History" section.
 
  You may omit a network location for a work that was published at
 
  least four years before the Document itself, or if the original
 
  publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.
 
K. In any section entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
 
  preserve the section's title, and preserve in the section all the
 
  substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements
 
  and/or dedications given therein.
 
L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
 
  unaltered in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers
 
  or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.
 
M. Delete any section entitled "Endorsements".  Such a section
 
  may not be included in the Modified Version.
 
N. Do not retitle any existing section as "Endorsements"
 
  or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.
 
 
 
If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
 
appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material
 
copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all
 
of these sections as invariant.  To do this, add their titles to the
 
list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.
 
These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.
 
 
 
You may add a section entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
 
nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
 
parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
 
been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a
 
standard.
 
 
 
You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a
 
passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list
 
of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one passage of
 
Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
 
through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the Document already
 
includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or
 
by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of,
 
you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit
 
permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.
 
 
 
The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License
 
give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or
 
imply endorsement of any Modified Version.
 
 
 
 
 
5. COMBINING DOCUMENTS
 
 
 
You may combine the Document with other documents released under this
 
License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified
 
versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the
 
Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and
 
list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its
 
license notice.
 
 
 
The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
 
multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
 
copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but
 
different contents, make the title of each such section unique by
 
adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original
 
author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.
 
Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of
 
Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.
 
 
 
In the combination, you must combine any sections entitled "History"
 
in the various original documents, forming one section entitled
 
"History"; likewise combine any sections entitled "Acknowledgements",
 
and any sections entitled "Dedications".  You must delete all sections
 
entitled "Endorsements."
 
 
 
 
 
6. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS
 
 
 
You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
 
released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this
 
License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in
 
the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for
 
verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.
 
 
 
You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute
 
it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this
 
License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all
 
other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.
 
 
 
 
 
7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
 
 
 
A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate
 
and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or
 
distribution medium, does not as a whole count as a Modified Version
 
of the Document, provided no compilation copyright is claimed for the
 
compilation.  Such a compilation is called an "aggregate", and this
 
License does not apply to the other self-contained works thus compiled
 
with the Document, on account of their being thus compiled, if they
 
are not themselves derivative works of the Document.
 
 
 
If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
 
copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one quarter
 
of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on
 
covers that surround only the Document within the aggregate.
 
Otherwise they must appear on covers around the whole aggregate.
 
 
 
 
 
8. TRANSLATION
 
 
 
Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
 
distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.
 
Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
 
permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
 
translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
 
original versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a
 
translation of this License provided that you also include the
 
original English version of this License.  In case of a disagreement
 
between the translation and the original English version of this
 
License, the original English version will prevail.
 
 
 
 
 
9. TERMINATION
 
 
 
You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except
 
as expressly provided for under this License.  Any other attempt to
 
copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will
 
automatically terminate your rights under this License.  However,
 
parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
 
License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
 
parties remain in full compliance.
 
 
 
 
 
10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE
 
 
 
The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions
 
of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time.  Such new
 
versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
 
differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See
 
http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
 
 
 
Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number.
 
If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this
 
License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of
 
following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or
 
of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the
 
Free Software Foundation.  If the Document does not specify a version
 
number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not
 
as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.
 
 
 
 
 
ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
 
 
 
To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
 
the License in the document and put the following copyright and
 
license notices just after the title page:
 
 
 
      Copyright (c)  YEAR  YOUR NAME.
 
      Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
 
      under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
 
      or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
 
      with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the
 
      Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST.
 
      A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
 
      Free Documentation License".
 
 
 
If you have no Invariant Sections, write "with no Invariant Sections"
 
instead of saying which ones are invariant.  If you have no
 
Front-Cover Texts, write "no Front-Cover Texts" instead of
 
"Front-Cover Texts being LIST"; likewise for Back-Cover Texts.
 
 
 
If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
 
recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of
 
free software license, such as the GNU General Public License,
 
to permit their use in free software.
 
 
 
</pre>
 
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