An electronic identification ("eID") is a digital solution for proof of identity of citizens or organizations, for example in view to access benefits or services provided by government authorities, banks or other companies, for mobile payments, etc. Apart from online authentication and login, many electronic identity services also give users the option to sign electronic documents with a digital signature.
An eID is directly connected to the person using it. Since most eID programs are proprietary, backdoors can be installed in these programs to spy on the user. There are legitimate uses for electronic identification -- for instance, for transactions with the state or with banks. However, organizations may try to push people to identify themselves for things they should be able to do anonymously.
Therefore, don't assume that making you identify yourself is acceptable for any given activity merely because they let you do it with free software.
This page lists eID programs distributed as free software to protect the users from backdoors.
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